- The term “Marxism” first appeared in the 1880s, achieving widespread use by the turn of the century. In 1894 Georgii Plekhanov described Marxism as “a whole world view,” but Karl Marx himself viewed his thought as primarily a revolutionary class–based critique of capitalism and a materialist conception of history focusing particularly on economic production. With the divergent interpretations of Marxism came the development of “hyphenated Marxisms” such as Marxism–Leninism, Austro-Marxism and Afro-Marxism. As an ideology and a movement Marxism can be said to have had as profound an effect on the world as any of its political rivals.
Historical dictionary of Marxism. David Walker and Daniel Gray . 2014.
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